What is migraine?
It is a common type of headache that affects approximately 15% of the world’s population. Women are more likely to be affected than men, and symptoms usually appear in early adulthood. However, it can happen at any age, including children. Migraine pain is usually felt on one side of the head and is throbbing or pulsing. To sense our surroundings, our nerves send electrical signals to and from our spinal cord and brain sensors throughout our body collect information about our surroundings and send it to our brain via a series of nerve cells. Each electrical signal is carried from one end of a nerve cell to the other via passageways known as ion channels. Ions, or charged particles, pass through the channels along the nerve, assisting in the generation of electrical current. At the end of the nerve, the signal is transmitted to the next via a chemical known as a neurotransmitter. Communication with the brain takes place via pathways and nerve centers in the brain stem, which is located at the base of the brain. The brain stem regulates sleep, heart rate, and breathing. Migraine is a disease in which one or more parts of the communication system malfunction.
TYPES OF MIGRAINE
Because there are so many different types of migraine, the symptoms very greatly from person to person. These symptoms can appear in stages, though not everyone experiences all of them.
Stage 1: PRODROME: Subtle changes in mood, craving, yawning, and tiredness may occur a day or two before the headache in the first stage.
Stage 2: AURA: Some people will have ‘auras’ during the second stage experienced only by some auras may be short-term visual changes such as flashes of light, zigzags or blind spots auras can also include numbness, confusion, vertigo, or even muscle weakness.
Stage 3: HEADACHE: Headache is a very common symptom of migraine. It is most commonly described as pain on one side of the head and can be felt in specific areas of the head or at the base of the skull.
Stage 4: POSTDROME: During postdrome a person feels like they have a hangover which lasts another day or two migraine attacks are often brought on the specific stimuli or triggers.
What causes a migraine?
Migraine are thought to be caused by changes in brain chemicals. Serotonin is a chemical produced in the brain that affects good moods. During a migraine, serotonin levels drop, causing blood vessels in your brain to collide, causing them to narrow and causing migraine symptoms. Following this, the blood vessels dilate, causing the headache.
Migraine effects are triggered by hormones. Hormonal fluctuations are thought to be a major factor in migraine in 1 in 4 women and 1 in 12 men in the UK. Women are more likely to have an attack before their menstruation because the Eastern levels drop before the woman has her period.
Stress, anxiety, tension, depression, shock, and excitement are all triggers for migraines.
Tiredness, lack of sleep, poor posture, tension, low blood sugar, menopause, shift work, and long-distance travel are all physical factors that are thought to trigger migraines.
Triggers in the diet When you skip meals, your blood sugar levels tend to fall. Sugary snacks, on the other hand, can cause levels to spike unexpectedly. This evenness is thought to trigger migraines. Can Extreme Constipation Cause Migraine?
Lack of food
Foods such as chocolate and cheese, as well as a lack of food, irregular eating, dehydration, alcohol, food additives, and caffeine, are all known migraine triggers.
Triggers in the environment Migraines can also be triggered by bright light, thickening screens, loud noise, smells, climate changes, smoke, and stuffy environments.
How To Treat Migraine?
When a migraine strikes, sleeping or lying down in a dark and quiet room can help, as can taking simple pain relievers. Your doctor may recommend a class of drugs known as Triptans, which work on the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. If nausea and vomiting are a problem, anti-sickness medication can be used. If these medications are insufficient to treat migraine attacks, doctors may try other preventative medications to reduce the frequency and severity of attacks, though these may not always be effective. Another method of migraine management is to avoid the triggers that cause it. If you keep a migraine diary, a pattern may emerge that will help you identify which triggers to avoid. It can also aid in the maintenance of a generally healthy lifestyle, such as regular sleep, exercise, and meals, as well as limiting caffeine and alcohol consumption.
Home Remedies for Migraine
- Diet Changes
- Essential Oil
- Stress Management
- Stay Hydrated
- Yoga Or Stretching
Life with migraine
Migraines can be difficult to live with because they disrupt normal daily activities and have an impact on work, family, and social life. However, there are a variety of treatments and strategies available, so it is critical to consult with your doctor if this is the case.